Monash University Publishing | Contacts Page
Monash University Publishing: Advancing knowledge

Struggle Country: The Rural Ideal in Twentieth Century Australia

List of Figures and Tables



1.1 Samuel Wadham.

1.2 Samuel Wadham on tour in rural Australia with his wife and son.

1.3 A man riding a horse through a country town, c 1955.

1.4 Jeparit. Wimmera–Mallee Pioneers Museum, 1973.


2.1 The rural idyll: feeding time for a pet sheep and calf on Christmas Day, 1927.

2.2 Large country family, ca.1905.

2.3 Nurse Nell Shelton with three infants in her care, near Wedderburn, Victoria, 1917.

2.4 Five generations of country women: the Methvin descendents, Mary, Eliza, Mary, Ray and Ann, Baradine, New South Wales.


3.1 The extent of Australia’s wheatlands at the end of the twentieth century.

3.2 Lachlan River, New South Wales.

3.3 Telling the wheatlands story. A mural in Condobolin’s main street.

3.4 Frontier history. Cairn commemorating the first exploration of western New South Wales and the discovery of a Wiradjuri grave, central Lachlan Valley.


4.1 ‘Deserted’ – a scene at Gippsland, c.1887.

4.2 Mining Scenes, c.1886.

4.3 Hume & Hovell Memorial, Kilmore, Victoria, erected in 1924.


5.1 Sketch map of the Wimmera River (not to scale).

5.2 ‘Ordered naturalness’: the Wimmera River at Horsham.

5.3 Annie’s Crossing near Duchembegarra.

5.4 The Wimmera River beyond Huddleston’s Weir.

5.5 Work begins on the River Project, July 1968.


6.1 Russian immigrant selector, Mr Kolishkin, a cotton farmer in the Callide Valley closer settlement area, beside his tractor and disc plough, ca.1936.

6.2 Returned WWI soldier-settler Syd Calvert with his wife and son at their camp in Amiens, near Stanthorpe, 1920.

6.3 This ca. 1900s pit sawn board selection lies abandoned in Bringalily State Forest, near Inglewood, 1999.

6.4 An abandoned cypress log hut on a 1920s forest grazing selection, Western Creek State Forest, near Millmerran, 2002.


7.1 JC Williamson’s production of ‘The Lawsons’, stage set, 1950s.

7.2 JC Williamson’s production of ‘The Lawsons’, with Mary Bartholomew, Pamela Bygrave (seated), Jean Blue, Peter Morris, George Simpson-Lyttle, Dorothea Dunstan (seated on arm of chair), Billee Lockwood (seated), Ed Devereaux, and Edmund Allison, 1950s.


8.1 The clearing enterprise at Rocky Gully.

8.2 The ‘hi-ball’, an American technology used to clear the forest.

8.3 An advertisement by the Rural and Industries Bank, revealing an idealised pioneer manhood.

8.4 The masculine pursuit of hunting at Rocky Gully.

8.5 ‘The start of a new way of life’: husband and wife at tent town, Rocky Gully, 1951.

8.6 The layout of tent town, Rocky Gully. Note the fences around the European refugees’ tents, who were said to feel anxious about the unknown creatures of the forest.


9.1 Cultivating a paddock on the Stephenson farm, 1930s Kurraca West.

9.2 Old bluestone cottage, Port Fairy.

9.3 Donald Evans, a city boy, in the country for a few weeks and having the time of his life. The horse’s name was Lucy. Rosevale Dairy Farm, Bombowbee,Tumut, New South Wales, 1934.


10.1 The Western District of Victoria.



1.1 Amenities in Victorian and New South Wales farm households in the early 1940s.


10.1 The structure of business in Western District towns, 1890.

10.2 Facilities in small settlements, 1920s.

Struggle Country: The Rural Ideal in Twentieth Century Australia

   by Graeme Davison and Marc Brodie