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Race and the Modern Exotic: Three ‘Australian’ Women on Global Display

Index

Aboriginals xvi, xviii, xx, 48, 65, 143

swimmers 4

removal of children 9

Adams, Mildred 14

American League of Decency 115

Ang, Ien 92

Anglo-Indians 94, 97, 103–106, 135

in Australia 109, 127–128

women 105

Annette Kellerman Aquatic Centre 137

Annette Kellerman murals at Cook+Phillip

Park pool 137

Anzac mythology 117

Apperly, Elizabeth 63, 64

Archer, W.G. 71

Australian crawl 4, 6, 41

Australian female celebrities, racial

interpretations of 96

BBC 49, 74, 78

Bailey, Judy 123

Baker, Josephine xxi–xxii

Ballard, Lucien 106

Barkan, Elazar xxii

bathing suits 9, 10, 13, 14

Bean, Jennifer M. 40

Beaumont, Phyllis 128

Berkeley, Busby 47

Berkeley, Wilma 68

Bernhardt, Sarah xxiv

Berry, Prof. 62

Bhabba, Homi 93

Blunt, Alison 105, 127

Boyer, Charles 112

Brecht, Bertolt 76

Brenon, Herbert 41

Brewster, Edwin Tenney 22

Brown, Jayna 134

Brown, Kendall H. 38

Buck, Pearl S. 87

Bush, Ronald xxiii

Calcutta Amateur Theatrical Society 96, 97

Calwell, Arthur 128

Cannadine, David 51

Cavill, Arthur 41

Cavill, Frederick 4, 6

Cavill, Percy 3, 6

Cavill’s Baths 3–4

Chabonnet, Amable 6

Chevalier, Maurice 116

Chinese in Australia 51–52, 56–57

Chintock, Lottie 95, 122, 129, 141

Chisley, Mr. 58

Churchill, Winston 101

Clark, Marjorie 62

colonialism 93

Commonwealth Immigration Restriction Act (1901) xvi, 51, 127

Conor, Liz xxv, 130

coo-ee 44

Coogee baths 7

Cornish, Henry 109

Couchman, Sophie 57

Courtney, Susan 131–132

Craig, Edith 70, 73, 74

Croker, Richard 23

Crossley, Ada 69

Curthoys, Ann 51, 52

Davies, John B. 123

Dean, Basil 76

Dietrich, Marlene 124

Delofski, Maree 94, 95

Donaldson, Mary 95

Douglas, Dennis 63

Durack, Fanny 9

Ederle, Gertrude 10

Edmond, Rod 44

Elstree Studios 97, 100

English girl xx, 111

Esson, Hilda 59

Esson, Louis 59, 61

Eurasian women 93

Evans, Edith 75–76

Fairbanks, Douglas Sr. 100

feminine modernity 3, 133, 134

feminist analysis xix

Filippi, Rosina 70, 71

Finney, Gladys 17

Finney, Maud 17

Fitzgerald, F. Scott 35

Fitzgerald, John 53, 54

flapper xxiv, 14

Flynn, Errol 115

Franklin, Miles 69

Fuller, Loie xxiv

Furer, Andrew 36

Ganguly, Debjani 109

Gauguin, Paul 42

gender transgression 40

Gibson Girl 13

Glenn, Susan xxiv

Goodsall, Arthur 61–62

Grimshaw, Beatrice 42

Hage, Ghassan xvi, xvii, xix–xx

Hall, William 126

Harrison, Rex 99, 124

Haslam, Mark 105

Hayphee, Mary 56

Hellman, Lillian 122

Helmore, Kristin 103

Herlihy, Mark 12

high modernity xxii

Higham, Charles 94, 95, 100, 103, 106, 140

Hoffmann, Gertrude 17

Hopkins, Miriam 123

Hopper Hedda 124

Houdini, Harry 41

Howard, Leslie 100

hula dancing 47

Hunter, Kate 48

Imada, Adria L. 48

imperialism xxii, 1, 135

jazz xxii

Johnson, Gertrude 68, 74

Johnson, Martin 43

Kakutani, Michiko 103

Kellerman, Alice Charbonnet 3, 7

Kellerman, Annette

accidents 40

as South Sea Islander xv, 6

arrested for bathing costume 12–13

attempts to swim English Channel 10

books 22, 42

cars 16

correspondence course 22

cross-dressed 41

European career 9–10

films 24–33, 39

illness as a child 3

in Melbourne 7–8

lectures on fitness, health and beauty 22

modern woman 93

moves to United States 11

nudity 26–27, 44–45

Perfect Woman 18–19

performative career xv

private lessons on fitness 22

Southern California 136, 137

tours Australia and New Zealand 33

Queen of the Automobile Carnival 15

‘Undine’, stars in 23–24

vaudeville career 10–24

Kellerman, Frederick 3, 7

Kellerman, Marcelle 7

Kelly, Judy 111

Kelly, Veronica xviii

Kilner, Kerry 63

Kohn, Marek 90

Korda, Alexander 98, 99, 100, 101, 102, 124

Korda, Michael 100, 101, 103

Korda, Vincent 100, 101, 102

Korda, Zolton 100, 102

Lake, Marilyn 92

Langham, Edyth 141

Laughton, Charles 120, 124

League for Industrial Democracy 87

Leong, Karen 91

Light, Col. William 109

Lockyer, Winifred 67, 68, 69

London Great Exhibition (1851) xxiii

London, Charmian 43

London, Jack 35, 43

Lowe, Yarlock 19, 22

Lyceum Club 64, 68

Mackie, Vera 38

Maclaren, Ada 68

Magee, G.E. 19, 22

March, Fredric 116

Markus, Andrew 66

Marshall, Cassie 118

Marshall, Herbert 116

Martin, Wendy xxii

Matters, Louise 66, 67, 68

Matthews, Jill xxv, 130

Matthews, Julie 93

McCrea, Joel 99, 123

McMahon, Gregan 61, 63

McNicoll, David 140

Melba, Nellie 46, 66, 69

Melbourne, University of 58, 63

Melbourne University Dramatic Club 61

Melbourne Repertory Society 77

Melbourne Repertory Theatre 61, 63

Menken, Adah Isaacs xxiii–xxiv

Mentone High School 7

Mermaid Play Society 61, 63, 64, 69

Mermaid Society Orchestra 63

mermaids xxii, 2, 6, 14, 17, 25, 31, 32, 38, 45–46, 136, 137

modern celebrity culture xxiii, 130

modern girl xxv, xxvi, 38

Moore, William 61

Moreton-Robinson, Aileen 141

Morgan, Margery M. 63

Moseley, Roy 94, 95, 100, 103, 106, 140, 141

Murray, Gilbert 71

Musgrove, Harry 34

Musgrove, Gertrude 100

Nenno, Nancy xxi

New South Wales Ladies’ State Swimming

Association 29

Niven, David 99, 100

Oberon, Merle

bleaching cosmetic 106, 108

complexion 106

death 127, 139

English girl 111, 116, 118, 119

in India 97

in London 96

mixed-race origin 97, 102, 103, 120, 121

named Estelle Merle O’Brien Thompson 97

Queenie 100, 102, 104

‘Tasmanian’ birth xv, 94–96

exposed 128

transnational life 94

visits Australia 129, 139, 140

O’Brien, Patty 47

Olivier, Laurence 49, 76, 77, 99, 124, 133

oriental xx, 26, 49, 72, 73, 90, 113, 120

orientalism xv, xxvi, 38, 50, 51, 55, 91

Osmond, Gary 6

Pagliai, Bruno 107–108, 126

Palmer, Nettie 59, 64

Palmer, Vance 59, 64

Patrick, John 86

Pattee, Herbert 11–12

Pavlova, Anna 31

Peiss, Kathy 108

Phillips, Murray G. 6

Pickford, Mary 131

Pioneer Players 59, 60, 61

popular culture xvii, xxiv

ethnic stereotyping 38

racism, racial hierarchies 38

postcolonial studies xix

Pybus, Cassandra 94, 95

Quong, Annie May 56

Quong, Chun 56

Quong, Eric 57

Quong, Florence 55, 57, 90

Quong, John 56

Quong, Norman 57, 83

Quong, Rose 49

and feminism 64

books 83–84

China, travels to 81

Chinese identity xv, 72–75, 92

Circle 77, 78, 83

Circle of Chalk, The 76–77, 87

Cold War 86, 87, 92

Eliza’s Horoscope 89, 138

first trip to United States 79–80

in London 52, 55, 66–80

interest in the metaphysical 88–89

London Australian community 68–70,

137

juggled mixed identities 50

Melbourne years 56–66

network of women’s clubs 79–80, 83

play typescripts 86

second tour of Unites States 80–81

television 80

theatrical career in Melbourne 58–66

racialised and erotisised images xxi

Revere Beach, Boston 12–13

Reynolds, Henry 92

Ryan, Mary xxiv

Said, Edward 50–51

Sandow, Eugen 14, 41

Sassoon, Sir Victor 103

Schenck, Joseph 99

Selznick, Irene Mayer 106

Sergeant, Dr. Dudley Allen 19

Sentilles, Renee xxiii

Scott, Rose 9

Selby, Constance 95, 97

Selby, Harry 95

Shakespeare, William 49, 50, 55

Sharp, Wendy 137

Shirley, Arthur 42

Sing, Justine Kong 55

Sneider, Vern 86

social Darwinism 51

Sousa, John Phillip 135

South Sea Islanders xv, xvi, 1, 38–39, 41, 48,

123, 135, 137

South Sea Islands xx, 41–44

films about 43–44, 47

Stephensen, Percy 69

Sullivan, James 15, 39, 137

swimming strokes 4, 6

St. George Baths 7

Tanizaki, Junichiro 36, 37

Tart, Quong 53

Tate, Henry 61

Teahouse of the August Moon 86–87

Terry, Ellen 66, 70

Thomas, Norman 87

Thompson, Arthur O’Brien 97

Thompson, Charlotte Selby 97

Time and Tide 64

Toscanini, Arturo 33

transnational xvii, xviii, xix

construction of Australianness xvii–xviii

racial understandings xx

theatre and film circuits xviii, 1, 134

von Sternberg, Josef 124

Walker, David 109

Wallis, George 4

Waley, Arthur 74

Weismuller, Johnny 41

White Australia xvi, xvii, xx, xxi, xxvi, 52, 55, 65, 90, 109, 127, 128, 135, 141

whiteness xvii, xx

Wickham, Alick 4, 6, 42

Wickham, Harry 4

Williams, Annie 68

Williams, Esther 44, 47

Williamson, J.C. 34

Wolders, Robert 126, 140, 141

women’s bodies xviii, xix, xxii, xxiii

Wong, Anna May 49, 53, 76, 77, 79, 91, 92

Wooster, Marcelle 34

Wray, Fay 116

Wyler, William 99, 122

Wylie, Minna 9

Yoshihara, Mari 91

Young, Edith 64, 68

Young, Gibson 65

Race and the Modern Exotic: Three ‘Australian’ Women on Global Display

   by Angela Woollacott