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Melbourne 2030: Planning Rhetoric Versus Urban Reality




2.1 Location of the workplaces of Melbourne workers by municipality, 2001

2.2 Main employment region (municipalities with more than 50,000 jobs) and location of principal and major activity centres

2.3 Growing self containment (municipalities where the number of persons who lived and worked locally increased by more than 2000 between 1996 and 2001) and the main employment region

2.4 Percentage of work trips which used public transport for part or all of the journey and main employment region 2001

2.5 Glen Waverley principal activity centre, radial distances from the railway station and non-residential zones to match Tables 2.3 and 2.4


2.1 Proposed distribution of new households across metropolitan Melbourne from 2001–2030

2.2 Selected local government areas, distribution of projected additional dwellings (trend and aspirational), 2002–2017; and trend additional dwellings as percentage of total dwellings, 2001

2.3 Areas enclosed by different radial distances from central point to perimeter of activity centres

2.4 Scenarios of housing densities in activity centres

2.5 Jobs by employment character, Central Activities District, main suburban employment region and rest of Melbourne, 2001



3.1 Cheek-by-jowl; side boundary setbacks virtually eliminated, Keilor

3.2 Limited footpaths; narrow roads and parking on grassed areas, Cranbourne

3.3 Continued car dependence; garages visually dominate dwellings, Cranbourne and Keilor

3.4 The garden in retreat – big houses on small blocks


3.1 New greenfield developments, average lot sizes and numbers of lots released, March quarter 2003 to March quarter 2004

3.2 Number of sales of vacant house blocks, 2001 and 2003; number of building approvals for new houses, 2001–02 and 2003–04; median price of house blocks, 2001 and 2003; average value of building approvals for new houses 2001–02 and 2003–04; main outer suburban municipalities

3.3 Paid applications for First Home Owner Grants (FHOG) for new dwellings, distribution in Melbourne and as percentage of building approvals for new dwellings, Melbourne, 2000–01 to 2003–04

3.4 Owner-occupier households in 2001 where the household reference person lived in the inner or middle suburbs in 1996 but was not at same address in 2001, by age and work of reference person, and household income and type



4.1 Melbourne’s estimated resident population by age group, 2003

4.2 Change in number of private dwellings by dwelling structure, inner, middle and outer Melbourne, 1991–2001

4.3 Household type by age of householders, inner Melbourne, change 1991–2001


4.1 Number of family, group and lone person households in occupied private dwellings, Melbourne, 1991 and 1996

4.2 Number of persons aged 45 + living in couple households with no dependents by structure of dwellings occupied, Melbourne, 1991 and 1996

4.3 Number of households 2001 and projected number of households 2031 by age of householder, and the projected increase 2001-2031 by type of household and age of householder (percentage), Melbourne

4.4 Propensity of households to move, by age of reference person and household type, households where reference person reported in 2001 that they had lived in Melbourne in 1996

4.5 Destination (residence in 2001) of householders who lived in Melbourne in 1996 and changed residence between 1996 and 2001, by age of household reference person and zone of Melbourne residence in 1996

4.6 Where relocating households moved to and structure of dwelling in 2001, reference persons who lived in Melbourne in 1996 and who were aged 15–34, 35–54 and 55+ in 2001

4.7 Median price of houses, flats and apartments and balance retained after costs if buy and sell in same municipality, 2003

4.8 Expected sale price ($) of one, two or three bedroom apartments, middle to outer suburbs, Melbourne, late 2004



5.1 Number of dwellings approved and percentage of these which were other residential dwellings, Melbourne, 1990–91 to 2003–04

5.2 Heritage overlays incorporated in the planning schemes of the Cities of Boroondara, Stonnington, Whitehorse, Monash and Greater Dandenong, 2003

5.3 Development of Melbourne residential subdivisions to 1976

5.4 Recent infill, observed and as indicated by changes on the cadastral maps for 2000 and 2003, area around Glen Waverley Activity Centre

5.5 Recent infill as indicated by changes on the cadastral maps for 2000 and 2004, Noble Park area in City of Greater Dandenong

5.6a New housing estate in suburban Osaka; compact separate detached housing; some housing lots are down to less than 80 square metres in area; continued car dependency.

5.6b Same housing estate as Figure 5.6a

5.7a Osaka? – No. High-density semi-detached housing estate on reclaimed industrial land, in the inner Melbourne suburb of Brunswick; heavy car congestion due to continued car dependence

5.7b Dwellings in this housing estate have carports at rear; on weekends, carport areas are often used for recreation in lieu of back yard, leaving cars crammed into narrow access roads; no footpaths

5.8 A suburban streetscape in the middle suburb of Glen Waverley (City of Monash)

5.9 Generous street setbacks have facilitated an aesthetically pleasing streetscape for the residents of these early post-war homes in this modest northern suburb in the City of Moreland

5.10 Modest post-war separate detached dwelling, visually integrated into its garden surrounds (Preston, City of Darebin)

5.11 Corner block infill; setback at one end of block is 7.6 metres, but does not apply to rear residence in side street, where residence entrance is only 3 metres from footpath (City of Monash)

5.12 Abutting back yards provide opportunity for spines of large canopy trees, which run parallel to local streets (Glenroy, City of Moreland)

5.13a and 5.13b Infill dwellings constructed under ResCode rules, with minimum 9 metre setback and rear space dominated by additional dwelling and excessive impermeable paving (City of Monash)

5.14 Basic dual occupancy; original dwelling in front and additional dwelling occupying back yard (Keilor/Sunshine, city of Brimbank)

5.15a Several large two-storey dwellings to replace former single detached dwelling; large paved central access area; little space remaining for garden or large trees

5.15b More expensive infill development; several large dwellings in place of original modest dwelling; nearly completely paved

5.16a and 5.16b Cheap infill development; single detached house replaced with a number of small unit dwellings; common paved access along one side; small shrubbery virtually the only option for garden development

5.17a (Chelsea) and 5.17b (Keilor) Older style row units characteristic of much 1960s and 1970s infill development; many areas with a history of this style of development often appear prone to subsequent low-cost medium-density infill

5.18 Virtual denuding of the streetscape through cumulated infill (city of Monash)

5.19 Aerial view showing negative impact of multi-unit infill development upon gardens and canopy cover (Preston, City of Darebin)


5.1 Building approvals for other residential dwellings by region, number and per cent of Melbourne, 1996–97 to 2003–04

5.2 Selected Melbourne localities, tenure by dwelling structure, occupied dwellings, 2001

5.3 Building approvals for detached houses by region, number and per cent of Melbourne, 1996–97 to 2003–04

Melbourne 2030: Planning Rhetoric Versus Urban Reality

   by Bob Birrell, Kevin O’Connor, Virginia Rapson and Ernest Healy