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Jackson’s Track Revisited: History, Remembrance and Reconciliation

Primary Sources and Bibliography

Carolyn Landon

Primary Sources


Austin, Murray – interview: Drouin, 21 April 2004.

Jensen, Alwyn and Hilda – interview: Neerim South, 8 April 2004.

Mullett, Dot – interview: Warragul, 20 April 2004.

Mullett,Pauline – interview: Drouin, 2 April 2004.

Mullett, Pauline and Mobourne, Daryl – interview: Drouin, 31 May 2004.

Rose, Aunty Gina and Mullett, Pauline – interview: Drouin, 24 March 2004.

Cowden White, Flo – interview: Warragul, 22 April 2004.

Newspaper Articles

‘Aboriginal Families Must Leave Huts’, The Age, 21 April 1964.

‘Aboriginal Settlement Again Under Fire: Council Divided on Closure’, The Gippsland Independent, 19 September 1963.

‘Aboriginal Settlement Danger to Health’, The Gippsland Independent, 20 June 1963.

‘Aborigines Sing at Warragul Meeting’, Warragul Gazette, 26 August 1958.

‘Aborigines to be Kept Out?’, Warragul Gazette, 23 September 1958.

‘Ashamed of our Treatment of Aborigines’, Warragul Gazette, 22 July 1958.

‘Cattle are cared for but Aborigines are not’. The Gippsland Independent, 15 August 1963.

‘District League has Done Much to Advance Welfare for Aborigines’, Warragul Gazette, 4 August 1959.

‘Drouin West Aborigines’ Camp: “How do we stop them living there?”’, The Gippsland Independent, 24 September 1963.

‘Further Scathing Report by Local Medical Officer: Foul Conditions Still Exist at Aborigines’ Camp’, The Gippsland Independent, 10 October 1963.

‘Housing for Aborigines’, Warragul Gazette, 9 June 1959.

‘Keen Interest in Aborigines’ Welfare in West Gippsland’, Warragul Gazette, 19 August 1958.

‘Letter to the Editor from Donald Thomson’, The Age, 23 May 1963.

‘New Home for Aborigines’, Warragul Gazette, 2 August 1960.

‘Plea for Better Deal for Aborigines’, Warragul Gazette, 10 October 1957.

‘Premier Being Asked to Close Aborigine Camp Near Drouin’, Warragul Gazette, 28 October 1963.

‘Report on Board of Inquiry’, The Age, 1 February 1957.

‘This Is What Our Readers Think: League’s Protest’, Warragul Gazette, 12 January 1960.

‘Warragul Meets Leader of Expedition to Binidbu Tribe’, Warragul Gazette, 15 July 1958.

‘Welfare of Aborigines’, Warragul Gazette, 18 March 1958.

Archival Material

Documents from the National Archives, Victorian Regional Office

Aborigines Welfare Board: letter to Housing Commission. 6 August 1958, B357/0. Drouin Wood Street Purchase.

Chief Secretary’s Department: Report signed by P.E. Felton, Regional Supervisor of Aborigines Welfare. 29 July 1958, B357 Box 5. Drouin Lease. Comber’s Land. Princes Highway, Drouin East.

P. E. Felton: Letter to M. C. Taylor. 11 May 1962, B357/0 Box 5. Drouin ‘camp’ Princes Highway.

A. Jensen: Report to P. Felton. 19 August 1959, B357/0 Box 5. Drouin ‘camp’ Princes Highway 1958–64.

A. Jensen: Letter to J. H. Davey (Board Housing Member). 20 May 1959, B357/0 Box 5. Drouin ‘camp’ Princes Highway 1958–64.

McLean, Charles: Report Upon the Operation of the Aborigines Act 1928 and the Regulations and Order made Thereunder, Melbourne. 1957, B408. McLean Inquiry, Item, 10.

Report. 4 December 1958, B337. Housing – Drouin, Item 7.

Office of Chief Secretary of Vic, Hon, Rylah: Press Statement. 27 August 1962, B357/0 Box 5.

Superintendent Richards: Letter to Charles McLean. 23 April 1956, B408/0. McLean Inquiry: Police Reports & Population Details.

Victorian Aborigines Advancement League: Annual Report Concerning Camp. 25 June 1959, B357/0 Box 5. Drouin Camp Prices Highway 1958–64.

Warragul Gazette: extract. December 1960, B336 Box 3. ‘Drouin and District Rates. Districts – Gippsland 1959-26’.

Documents from the Public Records Office Victoria, North Melbourne

Buln Buln Shire Council Minutes, 30 September 1958.


Jensen, Alwyn. Report to NBAAL AGM 1967, from the papers of Hector Cowden.

Jensen, Alwyn. Letter to Carolyn Landon, 22 February 2006.

Landon, Carolyn. Interview notes, 12 November 1997.

Mullet, Pauline. Australia Day Speech delivered at Drouin Australia Day Breakfast, 26 January 2000.

Mullett, Pauline. Talk delivered to Pembroke High School, August 2002.

Tonkin, Daryl. The True History of Jackson’s Track: Handwritten Manuscript, Drouin, 1996.


Anonymous. 1985. Victims or victors? The story of the Victorian Aborigines Advancement League. Melbourne: Hyland House Publishing.

Attwood, Bain; Burrage, Winifred; Burrage, Alan; Stokie, Elsie. 1994. A life together, a life apart: A history of relations between Europeans and Aborigines. Melbourne: Melbourne University Press.

Attwood, Bain. 1989. The making of the Aborigines. Sydney: Allen & Unwin.

Attwood, Bain. 2003. Rights for Aborigines. Sydney: Allen & Unwin.

Baker, Mark. 1997. The fiftieth gate. Melbourne: Harper Collins.

Barwick, Diane. 1963. ‘A little more than kin: Regional affiliation and group identity among Aboriginal migrants in Melbourne’. Ph.D. thesis, Canberra: Australian National University.

Barwick, Diane. 1971. ‘20 changes in the Aboriginal population of Victoria, 1863–1966’. In Aboriginal man and environment in Australia, edited by Mulvaney, J.; Goss, J. Canberra: Australian National University Press.

Barwick, Diane. 1981. ‘Writing Aboriginal history: Comments on a book and its reviewers, Australian National University’. Canberra anthropology 4 (2): 75.

Barwick, Diane. 1994. ‘Aborigines of Victoria’. In Being Black: Aboriginal cultures in ‘settled’ Australia, edited by Keen, Ian. Canberra: Aboriginal Studies Press.

Beckett, Jeremy. 1988. The past in the present, the present in the past: Constructing a national Aboriginality. Canberra: Aboriginal Studies Press for the Australian Institute of Aboriginal Studies.

Cabral, Amilcar. 1993. ‘National liberation and culture’. In Colonial discourse and post colonial theory, edited byWilliams, Patrick; Chrisman, Laura. Hartfordshire: Prentice Hall.

Clendinnen, Inga. 1991. Aztecs. New York: Cambridge University Press.

Clendinnen, Inga. 1999. True stories. Sydney: ABC Books.

Clendinnen, Inga. 2000. ‘What we make of them’. In Essays on Australian reconciliation, edited by Grattan, Michelle. Melbourne: Black Inc.

Clendinnen, Inga. 2003. Dancing with strangers. Melbourne: Text Publishing.

Critchett, Jan. 1999. Untold stories, memories and lives of Victorian Kooris. Melbourne: Melbourne University Press.

Davey, Stan. 1963. ‘Genesis or genocide? The Aboriginal assimilation policy’. Provocative pamphlets 101 (July 1963). Available from:

Deane, Sir William. 1996. ‘Some signposts from Daguragu’. Inaugural Lingiari lecture delivered to the Council for Aboriginal Reconciliation, 22 August 1996. Darwin.

Dening, Greg. 1998. History’s anthropology. ASAO Special Publication Number 2. Maryland: University Press of America.

Frisch, Michael. 1989. Shared authority: Essays on the craft and meaning of oral and public history. New York: University of New York.

Gaita, Raimond. 1999. A common humanity. Melbourne: Text Publishing.

Garner,Helen. 2004. Joe Cinque’s consolation. Sydney: Pan Macmillan.

Goodall, Heather. 1996. Invasion to embassy: Land in Aboriginal politics in New South Wales, 1770–1972. Sydney, Australia: Allen & Unwin.

Howitt, A. W. 2001. The native tribes of South-East Australia, facsimile edition of book first published in 1904. Canberra: Aboriginal Studies Press.

Jackomos, Alick; Fowell, Derek. 1991. Living Aboriginal history of Victoria: Stories in the oral tradition. Melbourne: Museum of Victoria Aboriginal Cultural Heritage Advisory Committee, Cambridge University Press.

Kerin, Sitarani. 1999. An attitude of respect: Anna Vroland and Aboriginal rights, 1947–1957. Melbourne: Monash Publications in History.

Landon, Carolyn; Tonkin, Daryl. 1999. Jackson’s Track: Memoir of a Dreamtime place. Melbourne: Penguin.

de Lepervauche, Marie; Bottonley, Gillain, editors. 1998. The cultural construction of racism. Sydney Studies in Society and Culture. Sydney: University of Sydney Press.

MacFarlane, Ian. 1993. ‘Glimpses from the past’. In My heart is breaking: A joint guide to the records about Aboriginal people in the Public Records Office of Victoria and the Australian Archives, Victorian Regional Office. Canberra: Australian Government Publishing Service.

Macintyre, Stuart. 1999. A concise history of Australia. Melbourne: Cambridge University Press.

Manning, Corinne 2002. ‘The McLean report: Legitimising Victoria’s new assimilationism’. Aboriginal history 26: 159–176.

Murphy, John. 1986. ‘The voice of memory: History, autobiography and oral memory’. Historical studies 22 (87): 157–175.

Nafisi, Azar. 2003. Reading Lolita in Tehran. New York: Random House.

Pepper, Phillip; De Aruago, Tess. 1985. The Kurnai of Gippsland. Melbourne: Hyland House Publishing.

Perks, R.; Thomson, A. 1998. ‘Introduction’. In The oral history reader. London: Routledge.

Read, Peter. 2000. Belonging: Australians, place and Aboriginal ownership. Melbourne: Cambridge University Press.

Reynolds, Henry. 1990. This whispering in our hearts. Melbourne: Penguin.

Russell, Lynette. 2000. Savage imaginings: Historical and contemporary constructions of Australian Aboriginalities. Melbourne: Australian Scholarly Publishing.

Sansom, Basil. 2001. ‘In the absence of vita as genre: The making of the Roy Kelly story’. In Telling stories: Indigenous history and memory in Australia and New Zealand, edited by Attwood, Bain; Magowan, Fiona. Sydney: Allen & Unwin.

Stanner, W. E. H. 1968. After the Dreaming. Sydney: ABC Books.

Steedman, Carolyn. 2001. Dust. Manchester: Manchester University Press.

Thomson, Alastair. 1994. Anzac memories: Memory and wartime bereavement in Australia. Melbourne: Melbourne University Press.

Watson, Don. 1984. Caledonia Australis: Scottish highlanders on the frontier of Australia. Sydney: Collins.

Watson, Don. 2002. Recollections of a bleeding heart: Portrait of Paul Keating PM. Sydney: Random House.

Whitlam, Gough. 1985. The Whitlam government 1972–1975. Melbourne: Viking Press.

Wurm, S. A. 1963. Some remarks on the role of language in the assimilation of Australian Aborigines. Canberra: Linguistic Circle of Canberra Publications.

Jackson’s Track Revisited: History, Remembrance and Reconciliation

   by Carolyn Landon