Monash University Publishing | Contacts Page
Monash University Publishing: Advancing knowledge

Breaking the Silence: Survivors Speak about 1965–66 Violence in Indonesia

Glossary

3 Bersama (or Tiga Sama) Bekerja bersama, makan bersama, tidur bersama; ‘3 togethers’, work together, eat together and sleep together; a Communist Party slogan for working at the grassroots (see turba)
3 M a Communist Party slogan: Merangkul (Embrace), Membatasi (Limit) and Menggunakan (Utilise)
AD Angkatan Darat (Army)
Agresu Aliansi Gerakan Reformasi Sumatera Utara (Alliance of the North Sumatran Reformation Movement)
Aspri Assisten Presiden (Assistants to the President)
ASRI Akademi Seni Rupa Indonesia (Indonesian Academy of Visual Art)
Babinsa Bintara Pembina Desa (police or army neighbourhood watch)
BAKOKSI Badan Kontak/ Koordinasi Organisasi Kethoprak Seluruh Indonesia – (All Indonesia Ketoprak Organisation)
BAP Berkas Acara Pemeriksaan (interrogation report or dossier)
BAPRERU Badan Pelaksana Resettlement dan Rehabilitasi Buru (Body for the Administration of Buru Resettlement and Rehabilitation)
Babinsa bintara pembina desa (Non-Commissioned Officer for village control)
Berdikari Berdiri di Atas Kaki Sendiri (Stand on one’s own two feet)
BKTN Bank Koperasi Tani dan Nelayan (Cooperative Bank for Farmers and Fishermen)
BMB (Bagaimana Masyarakat Berkembang). How Society Develops (a course in Marxist ideology)
BPUP Badan Pelaksana Urusan Pangan (Administrative Body for Food Affairs)
Brigmob Brigade Mobile (police mobile brigade)
BTI Barisan Tani Indonesia (Indonesian Peasants Front)
Bulog Badan Urusan Logistik (Body for Logistic Matters)
Bung term used for ‘Brother’, especially for the President, Sukarno (Bung Karno)
Bupati head of regency or district (kabupaten)
Buterpra now known as KORAMIL, komando rayon Militer (Military district command)
Camat head of kecamatan, subdistrict
CGMI Consentrasi Gerakan Mahasiswa Indonesia (Indonesian Student Movement Concentration)
CHTH Cung Hua Tjung Hwee
CPM Corps Polisi Militer (Military Police Corps)
FPN Front Pemuda Nasional (National Youth Front)
Gerag Gerakan Reformasi Agraria (Movement for agrarian reform)
Gerwani Gerakan Wanita Indonesia (Indonesian Women’s Movement)
Gerwis Gerakan Wanita Sedar (Movement of Alert Women)
GMIT Gereja Masehi Injil di Timor (The Evangelical Christian Church in Timor)
GESURI Genta Suara Republik (The Pealing Bell of the Indonesian Revolution)
GMNI Gerakan Mahasiswa Nasional Indonesia (Indonesian National Students Movement)
GSNI Gerakan Siswa Nasional Indonesia (Indonesian National High School Students Movement)
G30S Gerakan 30 September (Thirtieth of September Movement)
HMI Himpunan Mahasiswa Islam (Association of Moslem University Students)
HSI Himpunan Sarjana Indonesia (Association of Indonesian Graduates)
Ibu polite term used to address women. Literally ‘mother’, but also meaning ‘Mrs’
IKOHI Ikatan Keluarga Orang Hilang Indonesia (Indonesian Association of Families of the Disappeared)
Inkopal Induk Koperasi Angkatan Laut, (Master Navy Cooperative)
IPAS Ikatan Pelajar Anak Seberang (League of high school students from over the water)
IPPI Ikatan Pemuda dan Pelajar Indonesia (League of Indonesian Youth and High school Students)
Inrehab instalasi rehabilitasi, ’rehabilitation post’ (detention camp)
JAREK Jalannya Revolusi Kebangsaan (the progress of the national revolution)
JPIT Jaringan Perempan Indonesia Timur (Women’s Network of East Indonesia)
Kabupaten regency or district
KAMI Kesatuan Aksi Mahasiswa Indonesia (Union of Indonesian Student Action)
Kampung neighbourhood, either urban or semi-rural
Kamsing Kamp Pengasingan (Camp of Exile)
KAPPI Kesatuan Aksi Pemuda Pelajar Indonesia (Indonesian Youth and High school Student Action Union)
KASI Kepala Seksi Satu, Kepala Inteligen (Head of Intelligence)
Kecamatan sub-district (below kabupaten)
KGP Kursus Guru Partai ([Communist] Party Teacher Training Courses)
KKGSP Kursus Kilat Guru Sekolah Partai (short course for teachers in [Communist] party schools)
KODAM Komando Daerah Militer (Regional Military Command)
Kodim Komando Distrik Militer (Military District Command)
Komdak Komando Daerah Kepolisian (Regional Police Headquarters)
Komnas HAM Komite Nasional Hak Asasi Manusia (National Commission on Human Rights)
Komnas Perempuan Komite Nasional Perempuan (National Commission on Women)
Komsek Komando Sektor Kepolisian (District Police Command)
KontraS Komisi untuk Orang hilang dan Korban Tindak Kekerasan (The Commission for the Disappeared and Victims of Violence)
KOPKAMTIB Komando Operasi Pemulihan Keamanan dan Ketertiban (Command for the Restoration of Security and Public Order)
KORAMIL Komando Rayon Militer (Military District Command at the kecamatan level)
KOREM Komando Resort Militer (Military Area Command, i.e. the army command between the Kodam and the Kodim)
Lekra Lembaga Kebudayaan Rakyat (The Institute of People’s Culture)
Letda Letnan dua (Second Lieutenant)
Letkol Letnan Kolonel (Lieutenant Colonel)
Lettu Letnan Satu (First Lieutenant)
LKN Lembaga Kebudayaan Nasional (Institute of National Culture)
Lurah head of village (below kecamatan level)
Malari Malapetaka Limabelas Januari (15th of January [1974] disaster’)
MDH Materialisme, Dialektika, Historis (Marxist theory of dialectical and historical materialism)
MPP Mantri Pamong Praja (Civil Service Police at Kecamatan level)
Non Vak Sentral (Teachers Union not affiliated to any political party)
NU Nahdlatul Ulama (Revival of Islamic Scholars)
OSIS Organisasi Siswa Intra Sekolah (Inter High School Organisation)
Pancasila Five guiding principles of Indonesian Republic
P4 Pedoman Penghayatan Pengamalan Pancasila, (Guidelines for Understanding and Implementing Pancasila)
PANGKOPKAMTIB Panglima Komando Pemulihan Keamanan dan Ketertiban (Commander for the Restoration of Security and Order Operations)
PBH Pemberantasan Buta Huruf (Banish Illiteracy program)
Pelda pembantu lieutenant kedua (deputy second lieutenant)
Peltu pembantu lieutenant satu (deputy first lieutenant)
PKI Partai Komunis Indonesia (Indonesian Communist Party)
PNI Partai Nasional Indonesia (Indonesia National Party)
PNS Pegawan Negeri Sipil (Civil Servant)
POMAD PARA Polisi Militer Anggota Angkatan Darat
PP SGA Persatuan Pelajar SGA (SGA high school students’ union)
PR Pemuda Rakyat (People’s Youth)
PSI Partai Sosialis Indonesia (Indonesia Socialist Party)
PSII Partai Sarekat Islam Indonesia (Indonesian Islamic Union Party)
PUSPOM ABRI Pusat Polisi Militer, Angkatan Bersenjata Republik Indonesia (Centre of Military Police, Indonesian Armed Forces)
PUTERPRA (now KORAMIL)
RK Rukun Kampung (neighbourhood level unit)
RPKAD Resimen Para-Komando Angkatan Darat (Army Para Command Regiment)
RRI Radio Republik Indonesia (Indonesian national radio)
RT Rukun Tetangga (sub-kampung/neighbourhood level unit)
Sarbuksi Serikat Buruh Kehutanan Seluruh Indonesia (The All Indonesia Union of Plantation Workers)
SBKA Serikat Buruh Kereta Api (Railway Workers Union)
SGA Sekolah Guru Atas (senior high school for teacher training)
SKBD/BL Surat Keterangan Bersih Diri dan Bersih Lingkungan: (certification that oneself and one’s family was ‘clean’ of involvement with the 30th September Movement)
SOBSI Serikat Organisasi Buruh Seluruh Indonesia (All-Indonesia Trade Union Federation)
SP Sekolah Partai (Party School)
SPBU Satuan Pengisian Bahan bajar Umum, (petrol station)
SPDP Sekolah Partai Daerah Besar (Party School at Provincial level)
SR sekolah rakyat (primary school)
STM Sekolah Teknik Menengah (junior technical high school)
TAVIP Tahun Vivere Pericoloso (The year of living dangerously [1964])
Tefaat Tempat Pemanfaatan (location utilisation, euphemism for political prisoners’ camp)
Teperda (also Tiperda) tim pemeriksa daerah (local interrogation team)
Tonwal peleton pengawal (platoon guard)
TPU Tempat Penahanan Umum (general detention centre)
Turba turun ke bawah (a slogan of the Communist Party and Lekra), ‘go below’, work at the grassroots level
URECA Universitas Republika
UUBH Undang-undang Bagi Hasil (Laws for Produce Distribution)
UUPA Undang-undang Pokok Agraria (Agrarian reform laws)

Breaking the Silence: Survivors Speak about 1965–66 Violence in Indonesia

   by Putu Oka Sukanta