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Anzac Memories: Living with the Legend [New Edition]



I recorded most of the following interviews for an oral history project funded by the Australian War Memorial. Both tapes and transcripts are lodged with the library of the Australian War Memorial and are available for public use. (NT) indicates that no tape or transcript is available. Transcripts are available online via the AWM collection, and the audio of several interviews (including Bird, Farrall and Langham) can be accessed online.

Barnes, Les. 13 May 1982. (NT)

Bird, Percy. Interview 1, 8 September 1983, 72 pages of transcript; Interview 2, 7 April 1987, 43pp.

Blake, Harold. 17 May 1982, 42pp.

Bowden, Charles. 2 July 1983, 40pp.

Bridgeman, Bill. 1 May 1983, 38pp.

Cuddeford, E. L. 6 September 1983, 27pp.

D’Altera, Stan. 8 May 1983, 56pp.

David, Leslie. 27 May 1983, 37pp.

Farrall, Fred. Interview 1, 7 July 1983 and 14 July 1983, 72pp; Interview 2, 2 April 1987, 36pp.

Flannery, Jack. 1 May 1983, 59pp.

Fogarty, Percy J. 3 June 1983, 26pp.

Glew, Jack T. 6 September 1983, 20pp.

Glyde, Margaret (pseudonym). 12 June 1982. (NT)

Guthrie, Doug. 8 May 1983, 34pp.

Langham, Bill. Interview 1, 29 May 1983, 42pp; Interview 2, 30 March 1987, 36pp.

Linton, Albert C. 12 June 1983, 28pp.

McGillivray, A. J. 12 September 1983, 28pp.

McKenzie, Ted. J. 29 April 1983, 39pp.

McNair, James. 27 May 1982, 29pp.

Morton, Ern. Interview 1, 21 June 1985, 42pp; Interview 2, 26 March 1987, 42pp.

Norris, Sid. 13 September 1983, 31pp.

Stabb, Alf. 7 September 1983, 31pp.

Williams, Bill (pseudonym). Interview 1, 10 April 1983, 54pp; Interview 2, 1 April 1987, 42pp.


Age 1914–32, 1980–93

Argus 1915–18

Australian 1981–93

Brunswick and Coburg Gazette 1928–32

Brunswick and Coburg Leader 1915–28

Bulletin 1981–93

Herald 1981–87

Smith’s Weekly 1930–32

Sun 1981–93

Archival sources

Australian Film Institute

Cinedossier 1977–87

Clippings Files for the following films: Anzacs, Break of Day, A Fortunate Life, Gallipoli, Kangaroo, The Lighthorsemen, The Monocled Mutineer, 1915.

Australian War Memorial, Canberra

Bean Papers

Bean, C. E. W. The Beginnings of the Australian War Memorial. Unpublished typescript, 3DRL 6673/619.

Correspondence and news cuttings concerning British Official Histories, 1926–39, 3DRL 7953/27–30.

Correspondence with General Edmonds relating to the Australian Official History, 1927–35, 3DRL 7953/34.

Correspondence concerning the Official History, 3DRL 7953/35–53; 6673/10; 6673/352.

Correspondence with Edmonds, 1931–55, 3DRL 6673/201.

Diaries and Notebooks, 1914–58, 3DRL 606.

Extract Books, The Landing, 3DRL 1722/2.

Historical Notes, Gallipoli, 3DRL 8042/4–9.

Letters respecting the Official History, 3DRL 8040.

Official History Manuscripts, AWM 44.

Official History Sales, 3DRL 6673/249–253.

Press References to Bean, 1914–18, 3DRL 6673/234.

Reviews of Official History, 3DRL 8043.

Gellibrand Papers

Various diaries, notes and correspondence, 3DRL 1473/8 and 36; 3DRL 6405/14; 3DRL 1473/36.


Alistair Thomson, ‘The Forgotten Anzacs’, MS 1180.

Private records 1914–18

I consulted the following diaries, letters or memoirs about Gallipoli by members of the AIF.

Alywn, C.

Cowtan, M.

Dix, C.

Donkin, R. L.

Grant, R. A.

Hagan, J. S.

Hampton, R. L.

Hogue, O.

Mackay, K. S.

McKern, H. T.

McLennan, J. H.

Powell, T. H. N.

Richards, E. J.

Roberts, C. R.

Rowe, F. M.

Smith, A. H.

Steele, E.

Stewart, J. C.

Tieggs, A.H.

County Records Office, Isle of Wight

Aspinall-Oglander Papers

Papers dealing with Gallipoli history, OG 111–16.

Liddell Hart Centre for Military Archives, King’s College Library, University of London

Edmonds Papers

Correspondence, II.

Memoirs, III/16

Liddell Hart Papers

Correspondence with Aspinall-Oglander, 1930–58, 1/23.

Official Histories of Australia, 4/37.

National Archives of Australia

Australian Security Intelligence Organization, Series A367

Report on Fred Farrall, C89597.

First AIF Personnel Dossiers, 1914–1920, Series B2455

Percy Bird.

Fred Farrall.

Bill Langham.

Hector Thomson.

Repatriation Department Papers, Series B73

Percy Bird Medical file, M28666.

Fred Farrall Hospital file, H101649.

Fred Farrall Medical file, M101649.

Bill Langham Hospital file, H53178.

Bill Langham Medical file, M53178.

Hector Hospital file, H58164.

Hector Medical file, M58164.

Second AIF Service Records, Series B883

Hector Thomson, VX56596.

National Library of Australia

Manuscript Collection

David Thomson, ‘The Thomson Story: Childhood Memories, 1924–1941’, 1999, Thomson Family Papers, MS8600.

Oral History and Folklore Collection

David Thomson, interview by Alistair Thomson, 4–8 August 1985, Australian Parliament’s Oral History Project, TRC4900/35.

Public Records Office, Kew, London

Cabinet Papers

Committee of Imperial Defence, Committee on the Historical Section, 1922–23, CAB 27 / 182 and CAB 27 / 212.

Committee of Imperial Defence, Sub-Committee for the Control of the Official Histories, 1923–39, CAB 16 / 52–53.

State Library of Victoria

Manuscript Collection

Dorothy Farrall, ‘Autobiography’, transcript of an interview by Wendy Lowenstein, transcribed by Fred Farrall, no date.

University of Melbourne Archives

Farrall Papers

Series 1987.0418

Official publications

Victorian Parliamentary Debates, 1925.

Commonwealth Bureau of Census and Statistics, Official Year Book of the Commonwealth of Australia, 30, 1937.

Online sources

Cassells, Kyla . ‘Anzac Day is a celebration of war’, Socialist Alternative, 23 April 2010, at, accessed 9 April 2013.

Cannon, Michael. ‘Slater, William (Bill) (1890–1960)’, Australian Dictionary of Biography, National Centre of Biography, Australian National University,, accessed 25 January 2013.

Gurciullo, Sebastian. ‘Ellery, Reginald Spencer (Reg) (1897–1955)’, Australian Dictionary of Biography, National Centre of Biography, Australian National University,, accessed 10 January 2013.

Hurley, John V. ‘Sewell, Sir Sidney Valentine (1880–1949)’. Australian Dictionary of Biography, National Centre of Biography, Australian National University,, accessed 30 April 2013.

Roe, Michael. ‘Arthur, Richard (1865–1932)’, Australian Dictionary of Biography, National Centre of Biography, Australian National University,, accessed 10 January 2013.

Wikipedia. ‘Encephalitis Lethargica’,, accessed 16 March 2013.

Wikipedia. ‘Tuberculous Cervical Lymphadenitis’,, accessed 13 January 2013.

Oral history theory and method

Abrams, Lynn. Oral History Theory. Routledge, London, 2010.

Assman, Jan. ‘Collective Memory and Cultural identity’. New German Critique, 65, 1995, pp. 125–33.

Bennett, Tony, Boyd-Bowman, Susan, Mercer, Colin & Woollacott, Janet (eds). Popular Television and Film. BFI Publishing/The Open University Press, London, 1981.

Bornat, Joanna. ‘Oral History as a Social Movement: Reminiscence and Older People’. Oral History, 17, 2, Autumn 1989, pp. 16–25.

——. (ed.). Reminiscence Reviewed: Achievements, Evaluations, Perspectives. Oxford University Press, Oxford, 1993.

Bromley, Roger. Lost Narratives: Popular Fictions, Politics and Recent History. Routledge, London, 1988.

Browning, Christopher R. Remembering Survival: Inside a Nazi Slave-Labor Camp. W.W. Norton, New York, 2010.

Bruner, Jerome. ‘The Narrative Construction of Reality’, Critical Inquiry, 18, 1, 1991, pp. 1–21.

Charlton, Thomas L., Myers, Lois E. & Sharpless, Rebecca (eds). Handbook of Oral History. Altamira Press, Lanham, MD, 2006.

Coleman, Peter. Ageing and Reminiscence Processes. Wiley, London, 1986.

Dawson, Graham. Nostalgia, Conservatism and National Identity. Paper presented at the Patriotism History Workshop, Oxford, 11 March 1984.

——. Nostalgia, Conservatism and the Politics of Memory. Unpublished manuscript, 1984.

——. ‘Oral History: A Critique of Voice of the Past’, Centre for Contemporary Cultural Studies, Stencilled Paper, 1982.

——. ‘Playing at War: An Autobiographical Approach to Boyhood Fantasy and Masculinity’. Oral History, 18, 1, Spring 1990, pp. 44–53.

Day, Alice T. ‘A Review Essay: The Fortunate Life of A. B. Facey — The Life Reviewing Process and Personal Integration’. Oral History Association of Australia Journal, 4, 1982, pp. 62–8.

Douglas, Louise. Australia 1938 Oral History Handbook. Australia 1938 Project, Canberra, 1981.

—— and Spearitt, Peter. ‘Talking History: The Use of Oral Sources’. In New History: Studying Australia’ Today, G. Osborne & W. F. Mandle (eds). Allen & Unwin, Sydney, 1982, pp. 51–68.

‘Editorial: Oral History’. History Workshop Journal, 8, Autumn 1979, pp. i–iii.

Field, Sean. ‘Beyond “healing”: trauma, oral history and regeneration’. Oral History, 34, 1, 2006, pp. 31–42.

Formations Editorial Collective. Formations of Nation and People. Routledge & Kegan Paul, London, 1984.

Fraser, Ronald. Blood of Spain: The Experience of Civil War 1936–39. Allen Lane, London, 1979.

——. A Sense of the Past: The Manor House, Amnersfield, 1933–1945. Verso, London, 1984.

Freund, Alexander. ‘A Canadian Family Talks about Oma’s Life in Nazi Germany: Three-Generational Interviews and Communicative Memory’. Oral History Forum, 29, 2009, pp. 1–26.

——, & Thomson, Alistair (eds). Oral History and Photography. Palgrave Macmillan, New York, 2011.

Friedlander, Saul . ‘Trauma, Memory, and Transference’. In Holocaust Remembrance: The Shapes of Memory, Geoffrey H. Hartman (ed.). Blackwell, Cambridge, Massachusetts, 1994, pp. 252–63.

Frisch, Michael. A Shared Authority. Essays on the Craft and Meaning of Oral and Public History. State University of New York Press, Albany, 1990.

Gluck, Sherna B. & Patai, Daphne (eds). Women’s Words: The Feminist Practice of Oral History. Routledge, New York, 1991.

Griffiths, Gareth. ‘Memory Lane: Museums and the Practice of Oral History’. Oral History, 17, 2, Autumn 1989, pp. 49–52.

Griffiths, Tom. ‘The Debate About Oral History’. Melbourne Historical Journal, 13, 1981, pp. 16–21.

Hagopian, Patrick. ‘Oral Narratives: Secondary Revision and the Memory of the Vietnam War’. History Workshop Journal, 32, Autumn 1991, pp. 134–50.

Healy, Chris. ‘History, History Everywhere but …’. Making the Bicentenary — Australian Historical Studies, 23, 91, October 1988, pp. 180–92.

Henige, David. Oral Historiography. Longman, London, 1982.

Hirsch, Marianne. ‘The Generation of Postmemory’. Poetics Today, 29, 1, 2008, pp. 103–28.

——. The Generation of Postmemory: Writing and Visual Culture After the Holocaust. Columbia University Press, New York, 2012.

Hobsbawm, Eric & Ranger, Terence. The Invention of Tradition. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, 1983.

Humphries, Stephen. The Handbook of Oral History: Recording Life Stories. Inter-Action Imprint, London, 1984.

Hurd, Geoff. National Fictions: World War Two in British Film and Television. BFI Publishing, London, 1984.

Hutton, Anne. ‘Australian Historical Film: The Production of Popular Memory’. In The First Australian History and Film Conference Papers, Anne Hutton (ed.). Australian Film and Television School, Sydney, 1982, pp. 206–23.

International Oral History Committee. Papers presented at the Sixth International Oral History Conference. Oxford, 11–13 September 1987.

——. Papers presented at the Seventh International Oral History Conference. Essen, 31 March 1990.

James, Daniel. Dona María’s Story: Life History, Memory and Political Identity. Duke University Press, Durham, NC, 2000.

Johnson, Richard. ‘Cultural Studies and English Studies — Approaches to Nationalism, Narrative and Identity’. Hard Times 31, 1987, pp. 3–10.

——. McLennan, Gregor, Schwartz, Bill & Sutton, David. Making Histories: Studies in History Writing and Politics. Hutchinson, London, 1982.

Jung, C. G. Memories, Dreams and Reflections. Collins/Routledge & Kegan Paul, London, 1963.

Laclau, Ernesto. Politics and Ideology in Marxist Theory. New Left Books, London, 1977.

Linde, Charlotte. Life Stories: The Creation of Coherence. Oxford University Press, New York, 1993.

Lowenstein, Wendy. ‘The Interpretation and Use of Oral History’. Oral History Association of Australia Journal, 1, 1978–79, pp. 67–72.

Lummis, Trevor. Listening to History. Hutchinson, London, 1987.

McArthur, Colin. ‘Days of Hope’. Screen, 16, 4, Winter 1975/76.

——. Television and History. BFI Publishing, London, 1978.

McCabe, Colin. ‘“Days of Hope” — A Response to Colin McArthur’. Screen, 16, 4, Winter 1975/76.

McConville, Chris. ‘Oral History or Popular Memory? The Power of Talk’. Paper presented at the Oral History Association of Australia Annual Conference, 1985.

Middleton, David & Edwards, Derek (eds). Collective Remembering. Sage, London, 1990.

Murphy, John. ‘Conscripting the Past: The Bicentenary and Everyday Life’. Making the Bicentenary — Australian Historical Studies, 23, 91, October 1988, pp. 45–54.

——. ‘The Voice of Memory: History, Autobiography and Oral Memory’. Historical Studies, 22, 87, October 1986, pp. 157–75.

Nguyen, Natalie. Memory Is Another Country: Women of the Vietnamese Diaspora. Praeger, Santa Barbara, California, 2009.

Passerini, Luisa. ‘On the Use and Abuse of Oral History’. Mimeo translated from Storia Orale: Vita Quotidiana e Cultura Materiale delli Classe Subalterne. Rosenberg & Sellier, Turin, 1978.

——. ‘Work Ideology and Consensus Under Italian Fascism’. History Workshop Journal, 8, 1979, pp. 82–108.

——. (ed.) International Yearbook of Oral History and Life Stories, Vol. I, Memory and Totalitarianism. Oxford University Press, Oxford, 1992.

——. Fascism in Popular Memory: The Cultural Experience of the Turin Working Class. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, 1987.

Perks, Robert & Thomson, Alistair (eds). The Oral History Reader. Routledge, London and New York, 2006.

Pollock, Della (ed.). Remembering: Oral History as Performance. Palgrave Macmillan, New York, 2005.

Popular Memory Group. Unpublished manuscript of Part A of the ‘Popular Memory’ book.

——. ‘What Do We Mean By Popular Memory’. Centre for Contemporary Cultural Studies, Stencilled Paper 67, January 1982.

Portelli, Alessandro. ‘The Peculiarities of Oral History’. History Workshop Journal, 12, Autumn 1981, pp. 96–107.

——. The Death of Luigi Trastuli and Other Stories: Form and Meaning in Oral History. State University of New York, Albany, 1991.

——. The Order Has been Carried Out: History, Memory, and Meaning of a Nazi Massacre in Rome. Palgrave Macmillan, New York, 2003.

Ritchie, Donald A. (ed.). The Oxford Handbook of Oral History. Oxford University Press, New York, 2011.

Roper, Michael. ‘Analysing the analysed: transference and counter-transference in the oral history encounter’. Oral History, 31, 2, 2003, pp. 20–32.

——. ‘Re-remembering the Soldier Heroes: The Psychic and Social Construction of Memory in Personal Narratives of the Great War’. History Workshop Journal, 50, Autumn 2000, pp. 181–204.

——. ‘Review of Anzac Memories’. Oral History, 22, 2, 1994, p. 92.

Roseman, Mark . ‘Surviving Memory: Truth and Inaccuracy in Holocaust Testimony’. The Journal of Holocaust Education, 8, 1, 1999, pp. 1–20

Samuel, Raphael (ed.). People’s History and Socialist Theory. Routledge & Kegan Paul, London, 1981.

—— & Thompson, Paul (eds). The Myths We Live By. Routledge, London, 1990.

Sheridan, Dorothy. ‘Ambivalent Memories: Women and the 1939–45 War in Britain’. Oral History, 18, 1, Spring 1990, pp. 32–40.

Smith, Graham. ‘Beyond Individual / Collective Memory: Women’s Transactive Memories of Food, Family and Conflict’. Oral History, 35, 2, 2007, pp. 77–90.

Summerfield, Penny. Reconstructing Women’s Wartime Lives. Manchester University Press, Manchester, 1998.

Thelen, David. ‘Memory and American History’. Journal of American History, 75, 4, March 1989, pp. 1117–29.

Thompson, Paul. ‘Editorial’. Oral History, 17, 2, Autumn 1989, p. 2.

—— (ed.). Our Common History: The Transformation of Europe. Pluto Press, London, 1982.

—— The Voice of the Past: Oral History. Oxford University Press, Oxford, 1978 and 1988.

——, Passerini, Luisa, Bertaux-Wiame, Isabelle & Portelli, Alessandro. ‘Between Social Scientist: Responses to Louisa A. Tilly’. International Journal of Oral History, 6, February 1985, pp. 19–39.

Thomson, Alistair. ‘Anzac Memories: Putting Popular Memory Theory into Practice in Australia’. Oral History, 18, 1, Spring 1990, pp. 25–31.

——. ‘Anzac Stories: Using Personal Testimony in War History’, War and Society, 25, 2, 2006, pp. 1–21.

——. ‘Four paradigm transformations in oral history’. Oral History Review, 34, 1, 2007, pp. 49–70.

——. ‘Memory and Remembering in Oral History’. In The Oxford Handbook of Oral History, Donald A. Ritchie (ed.). Oxford University Press, New York, 2011, pp. 77–95.

——. Moving Stories: an Intimate History of Four Women Across Two Countries. University of New South Wales Press, Sydney and Manchester University Press, Manchester, 2011. Tilly, Louisa A. ‘People’s History and Social Science History’. International Journal of Oral History, 6, February 1985, pp. 5–18.

Tribe, Keith. ‘History and the Production of Memories’. Screen, xvii, 4, 1977/78.

Vansina, Jan. ‘Memory and Oral Tradition’. In The African Past Speaks, Joseph C. Miller (ed.). Dawson & Sons, Folkestone, 1980, pp. 262–79.

Various Authors. ‘Oral History: Facts and Fiction Debate’. Oral History Association of Australia Journal, 5, 1982–3, passim.

Wollheim, Richard. Freud. Fontana, Glasgow, 1971.

Wright, Patrick. On Living In An Old Country: The National Past in Contemporary Britain. Verso, London, 1985.

Yow, Valerie Raleigh. ‘“Do I Like Them Too Much?” Effects of the Oral History Inter view on the Interviewer and Vice-Versa’. Oral History Review, 24, 1, 1997, pp. 55–79.

——. Recording Oral History. A Guide for the Humanities and Social Sciences. Altamira Press, Walnut Creek, California, 2nd edition, 2005.

Other books, articles and theses

Adam-Smith, Patsy. The Anzacs. Thomas Nelson, Melbourne, 1978.

Allen, J. A. ‘Mundane Men: Historians, Masculinity and Masculinism’. Historical Studies, 22, 89, 1987, pp. 617–28.

——. Sex and Secrets: Crimes Involving Australian Women Since 1880. Oxford University Press, Melbourne, 1990.

Altman, Denis. ‘The Myth of Mateship’. Meanjin, 46, 2, June 1987, pp. 163–72.

Anderson, Benedict. Imagined Communities: Reflections on the Origin and Spread of Nationalism. Verso, London, 1983.

The Anzac Tradition: Between the Lines. Australia Post, Canberra, 1990.

Ashplant, T.G., Dawson, Graham & Roper, Michael. ‘The politics of war memory and commemoration: contexts, structures and dynamics’. In Timothy Ashplant, Graham Dawson and Michael Roper (eds). The Politics of Memory: Commemorating War, Transaction Publishers, New Brunswick, 2004, pp. 3–85.

Ashton, Paul and Kean, Hilda (eds). People and their Pasts: Public History Today. Palgrave, Basingstoke, 2009.

Ashworth, A. E. Trench Warfare, 1914–1918: The Live and Let Live System. Macmillan, London, 1980.

Aspinall-Oglander, C. F. Military Operations, Gallipoli, Vol. I. Heinemann, London, 1929.

Bang, Maureen. ‘Toorak’s Pensioner Mayor’. Australian Woman’s Weekly, 3 October 1973, pp. 4–5.

Barbusse, M. Under Fire. Dent, London, 1926.

Barrett, John. ‘No Straw Man: C. E. W. Bean and Some Critics’, Australian Historical Studies, 23, 90, April 1988, pp. 102–14.

Baxter, Archibald. We Will Not Cease. The Caxton Press, Christchurch, 1968 (1939).

Bazley, A. W. ‘Writing the Official History of World War I at Tuggeranong’. Mimeo of address delivered to Canberra and District Historical Society, 10 April 1959.

Bean, C. E. W. Anzac to Amiens. Australian War Memorial, Canberra, 1946.

—— (ed.). The Anzac Book. Cassell & Co., London, 1916.

——. ‘The Australian Forces in the War of 1914–18’. In The Book of the Anzac Memorial, NSW, S. Elliot Napier (ed.). Beacon Press, Sydney, 1934.

——. Australians in Action: The Story of Gallipoli. W. A. Gullick, Government Printer, Sydney, 1915.

——. The Dreadnought of the Darling. Alston Rivers, London, 1911; republished Angus & Robertson, Sydney, 1956.

——. Flagships Three. Alston Rivers, London, 1913.

——. Gallipoli Mission. Australian War Memorial, Canberra, 1948.

——. Here, My Son. An Account of the Independent and Other Corporate Schools of Australia. Angus & Robertson, Sydney and London, 1950.

——. In Your Hands, Australians. Cassell & Co., London, 1918.

——. ‘League of Nations’. Sydney Morning Herald, 13 November 1930, p. 4.

——. Letters from France. Cassell & Co., London, 1917.

——. The Official History of Australia in the War of 1914–1918, Vol. i, The Story of Anzac: The First Phase. Angus & Robertson, Sydney, 1921.

——. Vol. ii, The Story of Anzac: From May 4, 1915 to the Evacuation. Angus & Robertson, Sydney, 1924.

——. Vol. iii, The AIF in France 1916. Angus & Robertson, Sydney, 1929.

——. Vol. iv, The AIF in France 1917. Angus & Robertson, Sydney, 1937.

——. Vol. v, The AIF in France during the Main German Offensive, 1918. Angus & Robertson, Sydney, 1937.

——. Vol. vi, The AIF in France: May — The Armistice 1918. Angus & Robertson, Sydney, 1942.

——. On The Wool Track. Alston Rivers. London, 1910; republished Charles Scribners, New York, 1947.

——. ‘Our War History’. Bulletin, 27 May 1942, p. 2.

——. ‘Sidelights of the War on Australian Character’. Royal Australian Historical Society, Journal and Proceedings, xiii, iv, 1927, pp. 209–23.

——. ‘Techniques of a Contemporary War Historian’. Historical Studies, 2, 6, November 1942, pp. 65–79.

——. Two Men I Knew. Angus & Robertson, Sydney, 1957.

——. War Aims of a Plain Australian. Angus & Robertson, Sydney, 1943.

——. What to Know in Egypt … A Guide for Australian Soldiers. Société Orientale de Publicité, Cairo, 1915.

——. With the Flagship in the South. William Brooks, Sydney, 1909.

—— ‘The Writing of the Australian Official History of the Great War — Sources, Methods and Some Conclusions’. Royal Australian Historical Society, Journal and Proceedings, xxiv, 2, 1938, pp. 85–112.

Bell, Johnny. ‘Needing a Woman’s Hand: Child Protection and the Problem of Lone Fathers’. History Australia, 9, 2, 2012, pp. 90–110.

Bessant, B. ‘Empire Day, Anzac Day, the Flag Ceremony and All That’. Historian, 25, October 1973, pp. 36–43.

Bird, Percy. The 5th Battalion, 1916 and 1917, France. Unpublished manuscript, 1983.

Blackmore, Kate. The Dark Pocket of Time: War, Medicine and the Australian State, 1914–1935. Lythrum Press, Adelaide, 2008.

Bond, Brian (ed.). The First World War and British Military History. Clarendon Press, London. 1991.

Broadbent, Harvey. The Boys Who Came Home: Recollections of Gallipoli. ABC Enterprises, Crows Nest, 1990.

Brown, Stephanie. Anzac Rituals in Melbourne, 1916–1933: Contradictions and Resolutions within Hegemonic Processes. BA thesis, University of Melbourne, 1982.

Brugger, Suzanne. Australians and Egypt, 1914–1919. Melbourne University Press, Carlton, Victoria, 1980.

Bryan, Dominic & Ward, Stuart. ‘The “Deficit of Remembrance”: The Great War Revival in Australia and Ireland’. In Exhuming Passions: The Pressure of the Past in Ireland and Australia, Stuart Ward and Katie Holmes (eds). Irish Academic Press, Dublin and Portland, Oregon, 2011, pp. 163–86.

Buchanan, Margaret. The Shrine of Remembrance and its Forgotten Controversies (1921–35). BA thesis, University of Melbourne, 1984.

Burgess, Pat. Warco: Australian Reporters at War. Heinemann, Melbourne, 1986.

Burstall, Terry. A Soldier Returns: A Long Tan Veteran Discovers the Other Side of Vietnam. University of Queensland Press, St Lucia, 1990.

Butler, A. G. The Australian Army Medical Services in the War of 1914–1918, Vol. iii, Special Problems and Services. Australian War Memorial, Canberra, 1943.

——. The Digger: A Study in Democracy. Angus & Robertson, Sydney and London, 1945.

Cannadine, David. ‘War and Death, Grief and Mourning in Modern Britian’. In Mirrors of Mortality; Studies in the Social History of Death, Joachim Whaley (ed.). Europa, London, 1981.

Cantwell, John. Exit Wounds: One Australian’s War on Terror. Melbourne University Publishing, Melbourne, 2012.

Carey, Alex. ‘What Australian Troops are Doing in Vietnam: The New Anzac Legend’. Outlook, 14, February 1970, pp. 5–8.

Carroll, John. ‘C. E. W. Bean and 1988’. Quadrant, 32, 6, June 1988. pp. 47–9.

—— (ed.). Intruders in the Bush: The Australian Quest for Identity. Oxford University Press, Melbourne, 1982.

Cathcart, Michael. Defending the National Tuckshop: Australia’s Secret Army Intrigue of 1931. McPhee Gribble/Penguin, Melbourne, 1988.

Charlton, Peter. Pozières: Australians on the Somme, 1916. Methuan Haynes, North Ryde, 1980.

Clark, Anna. History’s Children: History Wars in the Classroom. University of New South Wales Press, Sydney, 2008.

Clissold, Barry. ‘Military Historian C. E. W. Bean: Another View’. Sabretache, 23, April–June 1982, pp. 11–14.

Coleman, Peter. ‘Death and the Australian Legend’. Bulletin, 85, 27 April 1963, pp. 18–19.

Connell, R. W. and Irving, T. H. Class Structure in Australian History. Longman Cheshire, Melbourne, 1980.

Conway, Ronald. ‘Last Post for Anzac’. Bulletin, 29 April 1980, pp. 55–8.

Cottle, Drew. ‘A Comprador Countryside: Rural New South Wales, 1919–1939’. In Capital Essays: Selected Papers from the General Studies Conference on Australian Capital History, Drew Cottle (ed.). D. Cottle, Sydney, 1984.

Cribben, John. The Making of ‘Anzacs’. Collins/Fontana, Sydney, 1985.

Crotty, Martin & Larsson, Marina (eds). Anzac Legacies: Australians and the Aftermath of War. Australian Scholarly Publishing, North Melbourne, 2010.

Crowley, F. K. Modern Australia in Documents, Volume 1, 1901–1939. Wren, Melbourne, 1973.

——. Modern Australia in Documents, Volume 2, 1939–1970. Wren, Melbourne, 1973.

—— (ed.). A New History of Australia. Heinemann, Melbourne, 1974.

Dallas, Gloden and Gill, Douglas. The Unknown Army: Mutinies in the British Army in World War 1. Verso, London, 1985.

Damousi, Joy. Freud in Australia: A Cultural History of Psychoanalysis in Australia. University of New South Wales Press, Sydney, 2005.

——. The Labour of Loss: Mourning, Memory and Wartime Bereavement in Australia. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, 1999.

——. Living with the Aftermath: Trauma, Nostalgia and Grief in Post-war Australia. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, 2001.

Davison, F. D. The Road to Yesterday. Angus & Robertson, Sydney, 1965.

Davison, Graeme. ‘The Habit of Commemoration and the Revival of Anzac Day’. Australian Cultural History, 23, 2003, pp. 73–82.

——. ‘Sydney and the Bush: An Urban Context for the Australian Legend’. Historical Studies, 18, 71, October 1978, pp. 191–209.

Dawson, Graham. Soldier Heroes: Britishness, Colonial Adventure and the Imagining of Masculinities. Routledge, London, 1994.

Dennis, C. J. Digger Smith. Angus & Robertson, Sydney, 1918.

——. The Moods of Ginger Mick. Angus & Robertson, Sydney, 1916.

Denton, Kit. Gallipoli, One Long Grave. Time Life Books & John Ferguson, Sydney, 1986.

Dyson, W. Australians at War. G. Palmer & Hayward, London, 1918.

Duncan, Tim. ‘History as a Kangaroo Court’. IPA Review, 42, 3, December–February 1988/89, pp. 52–3.

Edkins, Jenny. Trauma and the Memory of Politics. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, 2003.

Edwards, P. G. ‘Official History: Does It Merit Suspicion?’ Canberra Historical Journal, new series 17, March 1986, pp. 17–21.

Ellis, Anthony. The Impact of War and Peace on Australian Soldiers 1914–1920. BA thesis, Murdoch University, 1979.

Ellis, Stephen Charles. ‘The Censorship of the Official Naval History of Australia in the Great War’. Historical Studies, 20, April 1983, pp. 367–82.

——. C. E. W. Bean: A Study of His Life and Works. MA thesis, University of New England, 1969.

——. ‘Some Aspects of Military History in Australia’. Armidale and District Historical Society Journal, 10, 1967, pp. 9–16.

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Anzac Memories: Living with the Legend [New Edition]

   by Alistair Thomson